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Rothschild, Gutle

Gutle Rothschild was the wife of Mayer Amschel Rothschild, the famous founder of the Rothschild banking house. Gutle was born on 23 August 1753, the daughter of Wolf Salomon Schnapper, probably at the Eule. Her father ran a small banking business, but was not very wealthy. Her husband, who she married on 29 August 1770, also came from a modest background. Together, they witnessed the rise of the Rothschild bank. Gutle survived her husband by 37 years to see the bank achieve international importance and power under the management of their five sons. She died on 7 May 1849.
For almost all her life Gutle lived at the Grünes Schild in the Judengasse, where she had moved with her husband in 1780. Some of the five sons and several daughters were born there. When the ghetto restrictions were gradually lifted in the course of the emancipation from the end of the 18th century, members of the family who stayed in Frankfurt quickly moved to imposing houses outside the Judengasse. However, Gutle refused to move to any of the new houses and stay at the Grünes Schild until her death in 1849. After her death the house was converted into a museum and has subsequently been regarded as the Rothschild family home.

© Jüd. Museum Frankfurt 1992-2002 /  Sources